This Situation Analysis (SA ) aims to provide an overview of the major development challenges facing Egypt over the next five to ten years, drawing on existing documentation and a highly participatory and inclusive process.A review of Egypt’s challenges shows that these cover many dimensions of poverty and exclusion, notably in regard to water, sanitation and housing for the poor; health, education and vocational training; social insurance for all; conditional cash transfers for the extreme poor and an expanded social safety net; and employment in urban and rural medium-sized enterprises with increased productivity and agricultural mechanization. They also include long-standing challenges such as gender equity, political participation, transparency and public accountability, and strengthening respect for human rights. And these development challenges include a new set of issues that have surfaced in the past few years, including the effects of climate change, pandemic influenza, and high international food and fuel prices, all of which have a disproportionate impact on the poor.
The 2010 Report continues the tradition of pushing the frontiers of development thinking. For the first time since 1990, the Report looks back rigorously at the past several decades and identifies often surprising trends and patterns with important lessons for the future. These varied pathways to human development show that there is no single formula for sustainable progress—and that impressive long-term gains can and have been achieved even without consistent economic growth.